Headache is one of the commonest symptoms experienced by humans. In fact, it is quite unusual not to have at least an occasional headache. There is no single cause of headaches. Headaches are usually harmless but can create concern about their origin. Very occasionally headaches are a pointer to a serious disease such as brain tumor or stroke. This is why many people seek advice from their doctors to rule out the seriousness
Headaches involve mild to severe pain in one or more parts of the head as well as the back of the neck. There are many different types of headache patterns and a variety of causes. The brain itself is insensitive to pain; nerve fibres capable of transmitting the experience of pain richly supply its covering membranes and its larger blood vessels. Most of the other structures within the head and upper neck, such as eyes, ears, nasal sinuses, skin, muscle, joints and blood vessels are also sensitive to pain.
This means that disorders in any of these structures may be experienced as a form of headache. The pain is produced through irritation of these structures via mechanical, chemical or inflammatory mechanisms and pain sensitive nerve fibres send a ‘pain’ message back to the brain. The brain can’t always tell where the pain message originated which is why it is sometimes difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of a headache.
Headache can be primary type in which the most common Tension headaches and Migraine falls. The secondary headaches or referred headaches are triggered by an underlying disorder such as sinusitis, eye problems, cervical spondylosis, infection, injury or tumors and also can be considered as side effect of the main illness. Diagnosing headache involves differentiating between the most common forms of headache and those that may indicate an underlying illness.
When anybody is angry, tensed, worried or stressed their teeth is clenched, eyebrows wrinkled “feels like a tight band of pressure around the head” spits as “ Tension Headache” It is named not only for the role of stress in triggering the pain, but also for the contraction of neck, face, and scalp muscles brought on by stressful events. Tension headache is a severe but temporary form of muscle-contraction headache. The pain is mild to moderate and feels like pressure is being applied to the head or neck. The headache usually disappears after the period of stress is over. Some times the “pain balms” give relief
The most challenging one sided, periodical headache “Migraine” is a vascular headache. It tends to run in families. A rapid widening and narrowing of blood vessel walls in the brain and head cause migraines. The fibres in the blood vessel wall become irritated and cause the pain. An abnormal release of neurochemical “Serotonin” which are released by the food or environment triggers spasm of the arteries, which is experienced as “Throbbing” pain. Reduced blood flow decreases the brain's supply of oxygen. Chemicals, which cause inflammation and swelling, and substances, which increase sensitivity to pain, are also released.
Symptoms signaling a headache, severe pain on one or both sides of the head, an upset stomach, and at times disturbed vision, associated with nausea and vomiting and sensitivity to light and noise may then result, similar to symptoms of stroke. Most of the migraine sufferers experience visual and other disturbances before the headache. The aura may include flashing lights, zigzag lines, bright spots, loss of part of one's field of vision, or numbness or tingling in the hand, tongue or side of the face, weakness of an arm or leg, dizziness, unsteadiness in walking, drowsiness, slight confusion in thinking and inability to speak or slurred speech.The intensity varies as simple form as experienced in young girls during menses to “Suicidal Headaches” labeled as cluster headaches
Diagnosis of headache associated with sinusitis is easily made out by its associated nasal and sinus symptoms –constant cold, pain and tenderness over sinuses, which intensifies while stooping. Headaches referred from eye often mislead a diagnosis of migraine by its visual symptoms; can be ruled out by suitable spectacles.
Vertigo and giddiness associated with headache often frustrating for many elderly patients, since it is always a prominent in hypertension. It is also sensed in many young adult patients as cervical spine origin, in which X ray had confirmed “Cervical spondylosis” Headaches of different varieties can be diagnosed by its clinical symptoms, however imaging studies are required to rule out inner pathology.
One of the best ways to manage Migraines is to identify and avoid your Migraine triggers-- the foods, habits, and environmental factors. It varies from person to person; we have identified several that can lead to migraine attacks in many migraine sufferers.
Avoid Tyramine rich foods. Tyramine is a natural substance formed from break down of proteins. It is found in aged, fermented and spoiled foods. Tyramine elevates blood pressure and increases the heart rate. Tyramine is rich in Alcoholic beverages, Cheeses, Processed Foods, Bread, Meat, Fish, Soya beans, Nuts and Chocolates.
If stress or emotional conflict triggers the onset of a migraine, it is important to find ways to reduce the stress in your life by doing regular exercises such as walking, driving, swimming and relaxation techniques
A regular schedule for sleep is necessary if fatigue precipitates attacks. Fatigue may become exaggerated in times of weather change.
Avoid perfumes, flashing, fluorescent lights, loud music and noise
Abortive measures, tackling with painkillers and pain balms. Using drugs to control blood vessel constriction are employed now a day. Even drug to control anxiety, sedation for poor responded patients are in practice. These measures give only temporary relief. The attempt is being made only on the localized changes in brain pathology. The action of Homoeopathic medicines reverted to root the problem. While treating migraine generalization of symptoms roots the basic cause and controls the neurogenic stimulus. A homoeopathic medicine can alter metabolism by its dynamic action to accept the triggers gradually. The drugs are not given in material doses only most diluted, dymamised to penetrate its action beyond cellular level. This is seen in many cases of migraine and other types of secondary headaches like sinusitis and cervical spondylosis.
The drugs are more diluted and potentised to elicit our immune response naturally, the method also favours no side effects even if continued for our lifetime.